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Faculty Directory

  • Birch, Jennifer

    Jennifer Birch

    Assistant Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall 105 J
    Phone: (706) 542-1959

    Research projects:

    My research explores historical trajectories of socio-political change among precontact Native societies of Eastern North America. Conceptually, this work is underpinned by a desire to explore the relationship between long-term processes of cultural change and the lived experience of individuals and communities.

    My ongoing research in Northeastern North America comprises a multi-scalar settlement study of precontact Huron-Wendat village relocation sequences in order to examine changes in the organization of the built environment as communities came together into large, fortified village aggregates. An ongoing component of my research in Ontario is the investigation of a site sequence which represents more than 500 years of contiguous occupation by a single community. One of these villages, the Mantle site, is the largest and most complex excavated to date in the Lower Great Lakes. I am currently preparing a co-authored manuscript for AltaMira Press which tells the story of the Mantle site in the context of the historical development of Northern Iroquoian societies, weaving together analyses of regional and detailed individual site settlement patterns, environmental and land-use modeling, and archaeometric analyses of ceramics and human remains.

    I am also developing a long-term, multi-sited research project which will investigate the Late Woodland-Mississippian transition in different social and environmental contexts across the state of Georgia. My intent is to combine existing data on settlement patterns and extant collections with new excavations that target communities on the cusp of the Late Woodland-Mississippian transition. This project would seek to explain the development of economic, religious, organizational, and material culture attributes associated with Mississippian societies, together with the co-evolution of archaeological and ecological landscapes. My hope is to arrive at a more nuanced understanding of how Mississippian cultural traits and institutions were adopted by or introduced to Late Woodland populations in specific local contexts.

  • Brosius, J. Peter

    J. Peter Brosius

    Professor

    Director, Center for Integrative Conservation Research

    Office: Baldwin Hall 264 B
    Phone: (706) 542-1463
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: CICR
    Phone: (706) 425-3318

    Research projects:

    My research links anthropology and conservation. I have a long-standing interest in the human ecology of Southeast Asia, particularly with respect to issues of environmental degradation.

  • Garrison, Ervan

    Ervan Garrison

    Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall 265A
    Phone: (706) 542-1470; (706) 542-1097
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Barrow Hall 14

    Research projects:

    My work involves prehistoric enquiry using the tools of geophysics and geochemistry to locate and characterize the subsurface remains of human habitation. UGA has led in this area using digital radar, magnetics, GIS, stable isotopes in portable and laboratory settings to characterize archaeological finds. A particular area of specialty is European prehistory. In addition, I perform and teach underwater archeology.

  • German, Laura

    Laura German

    Assistant Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall 255
    Phone: (706) 542-5852
    Fax: (706) 542-3998

    Research projects:

    My current research involves understanding how the recent surge in large-scale land acquisitions in developing countries has shaped social and environmental outcomes and customary land and resource tenure, and the formal and informal institutional factors mediating these outcomes. I am also involved in collaborative work to support government policy-makers and non-governmental organizations in Mozambique to better defend customary land and resource tenure and pursue rural investment models which generate durable shared value for local communities. This work reflects a broader interest in natural resource governance, and how formal and informal institutions at multiple levels shape patterns of marginalization and opportunity.

  • Gragson, Ted

    Ted Gragson

    Professor

    Department Head

    Office: Baldwin Hall 250
    Phone: (706) 542-1479
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Baldwin Hall 254
    Phone: (706) 542-6160

    Research projects:

    My research centers on human decision-making and resource use at a landscape scale. I use diverse sources of evidence including interviews, cartography, and archival sources to link individuals to their natural and social environments in time and through space.

    I am the Lead Principal Investigator of the Coweeta Long Term Ecological Research Project, which is a transdisciplinary project examining the consequences that climate change and changing land use practices will have on southern Appalachia. Southern Appalachia as a region is both a ‘water tower’ to the Southeast and among the most biodiverse temperate regions in the U.S. if not the world. This research provides knowledge to other scientists, policy makers and the public that is critical to planning and managing for the future.

    I also conduct research in the western Pyrenees of France on the millennial history of human activities and landscape. Documentary evidence indicates that valleys have been the fundamental unit of economy and society across the Pyrenees since at least the Early Middle Age while the evidence for livestock husbandry and transhumance goes back to the Neolithic. Our historical ecological research is divided into two principal axes drawing on a variety of natural and human archives. The first centers on reconstructing Souletin Basque organization of space and economy over the last 300 years, while the second centers on the co-evolution of mountain societies and landscapes from the early Holocene to the present.

  • Joseph, Christina

    Christina Joseph

    Part-time Assistant Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall 105 I
    Fax: (706) 542-3998

    Research projects:

    My current interdisciplinary research focuses on the groundwater conservation and management in Pushkar, India. I am working with colleagues in geohydrology and engineering to examine the implementation of IWRM (Integrated Water Resources Management) there.

     

  • Kowalewski, Stephen

    Stephen Kowalewski

    Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall 257
    Phone: (706) 542-1462
    Fax: (706) 542-3998

    Research projects:

    I am interested in anthropology at all scales, but my own work begins with regions. My theoretical inspiration comes from economics and demography, or political economy. I continue to do archaeological survey in Oaxaca, Mexico, and I am also interested in the North American Southeast and Southwest.

    Currently working in the Coixtlahuaca Valley, Oaxaca.
    Coixtlahuaca Project Web Site: http://shapiro.anthro.uga.edu/coixtlahuaca2008/

  • Nazarea, Virginia

    Virginia Nazarea

    Professor

    Director, Ethnoecology and Biodiversity Lab

    Office: Baldwin Hall 105 B
    Phone: (706) 542-3852
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Baldwin Hall 105 A

    Research projects:

    I am interested in the interface between the way people see the elements and interrelationships in their environment with the way they decide and act in that environment. Further, I am concerned with the way the lenses people carry around in their heads are structured by the messages they received over time as they were growing up (and continue to receive when they are grown-up!) as members of a particular class, gender, and ethnicity. This concern has led me to explore a variety of different problems such as the distribution of local knowledge and the patterning of agricultural decision making of different categories of farmers, the relationship between marginality of production systems and the persistence of cultural memory that supports conservation of biodiversity, and the connection between mental maps and resource management practices of different groups of actors in a watershed.

  • Nelson, Donald

    Don Nelson

    Assistant Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall G23
    Phone: (706) 542-1452
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Baldwin Hall G20

    Research projects:

    Current projects include:

    The Relative Importance of Generic vs. Specific Capacity in Addressing Drought Vulnerability in NE Brazil. 2011 – 2014 National Science Foundation

    This project leverages a unique research design, covering two severe drought events 14 years apart, to ask fundamental questions about climate vulnerability, adaptation, disaster risk and adaptive capacity. Ceará, Brazil is a state in which two million people reside in rural areas and earn a living off the land. Debilitating droughts are a regular occurrence in this semi-arid region and one of our research objectives is to understand how vulnerability to drought at the household level has changed through time as a function of government-led interventions in specific and generic adaptive capacities. Specific capacities refer to those that associated specifically with climate risk reduction (e.g. early warning systems. Irrigation schemes, crop insurance). Generic capacities are associated with fundamental human development goals (health, education, wealth). We also explore the ways in which the two types of capacities relate to each other, both in terms of their relative importance in defining overall adaptive capacity and in terms of how they may create synergies or be mutually conditioning.

    Participação Comunitária e Gestão Municipal na Cidade de Fortaleza. (Community Participation and City Management in Fortaleza). 2013 – 2015 Ceará Foundation for Scientific Development and Technology (FUNCAP)

    This project takes place in the metropolitan region of Fortaleza, Ceará. More than three million people live in the city, many of them in the urban periphery, a space that is characterized by a lack of public investment and integration and in the words of the residents “abandoned” by the political system. The work, based on a participatory methodology which includes participatory GIS, is an exploration of ways in which participatory engagements weaken traditional bonds of power among the very poor and provide alternative channels of access to the public services for which residents are eligible because of their status as citizen and not because they have a powerful patron. We work in partnership with several universities from the city, but the research team is comprised of people (with ages ranging from high school students to grandparents) that are from the neighborhoods in which the project is active. Together we are organically developing methods for engagement and articulation with the public sector.

     

    Human and Natural Forcings of Critical Zone Dynamics and Evolution at the Calhoun Critical Zone Observatory (CZO). 2014 – 2019 National Science Foundation

     

    The term critical zone refers to Earth’s outer skin and includes air, soil, rock, water, and organisms. In contrast to many critical zone (CZ) studies, the Calhoun CZO includes humans in its conceptual framework. The Calhoun is an Experimental Forest Station set in the Sumter National Forest in South Carolina. The interdisciplinary research, led by Duke University, is designed to improve the understanding of the dynamics and evolution of biota, landforms, soils, saprolites, and sediments that comprise Critical Zones (CZ) of the Southern Piedmont of North America. I work in partnership with an environmental historian to develop insights into the reciprocal relationships between humans and CZ processes in historical and contemporary times. My research is directed towards a) understanding how natural and human-induced changes in the CZ interact with human livelihoods, adaptation, and governance; and b) the implications of these insights for resource management. While much of the CZO is focused on the experimental station, our research also expands into the wider region.

  • Quesada, Sergio

    Sergio Quesada

    Sr. Academic Professional

    Undergraduate Coordinator

    Office: Baldwin Hall 253B
    Phone: (706) 542-6714
    Fax: (706) 542-3998

    Research projects:

    I am currently researching the implications of migration to Georgia and the Southeastern United States of a community of peasants from the State of Querétaro, Mexico. In the last decade, these peasants were forced to relocate when the construction of a major World Bank-funded hydroelectric project, a product of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), destroyed their communities in the early 1990's. I am exploring the impact of the loss of their main source of work, their land, and the subsequent loss of their cultural identity and how this impacts their environment, their economic well-being, their health status and their cultural traditions.

  • Reitsema, Laurie

    Laurie Reitsema

    Assistant Professor

    Director, Bioarchaeology and Biochemistry Laboratory

    Office: Baldwin Hall 151B
    Phone: 706-542-1458
    Fax: 706-542-3998

    Research projects:

    I study human diet as a link between biology, culture and environment, focusing on stable isotope analysis of archaeological populations. I am working primarily with European skeletal samples, and am beginning new research studying diet and stress among modern humans and non-human primates. The Bioarchaeology and Biochemistry Laboratory is equipped to facilitate a wide variety of sample preparation for isotopic analyses. Some current projects are described below.

    Bioarchaeology

    Diet change in Eastern Europe: With long-term collaborators based at the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland and Vilnius University in Lithuania, I am investigating diet patterns among the sociopolitical elite in what are today Poland and Lithuania. Skeletons we are examining - many of whose individual identities are known - were buried in churches during the 15-18th c. AD, a time when Poland and Lithuania were joined into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and governed by a monarchy kept strictly in check by a noble class. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth has been interpreted as a precursor to a modern democracy and was a unique system in Europe around this time. Stemming from our interests in political ecology, we will examine health and diet in this interesting sociopolitical context. The work complements previous and other ongoing investigations into diet of rural and peasant populations in Poland, allowing us to further explore the influences of status on human diet in the past. Undergraduate students are involved in the stable carbon and nitrogen isotope work for this project; research is currently underway and intended to continue in 2013-2014.

    Migration and Greek Colonization: With collaborators at the University of Northern Colorado and institutions in Albania, Greece, Italy and Bulgaria, I am examining the role of migration in the context of ancient Greek colonization through strontium and stable oxygen isotope analysis. These techniques can identify “locals” from “non-locals” in the colony cemeteries, toward better characterizing the extent of migration, and who was migrating (men, women, children?). The isotopic analyses are intended to be used in tandem with bioarchaeological estimations of stress and health at both colonies and mother-cities, estimations of cultural affiliation through mortuary analysis, and with ancient DNA evidence for ancestry. This project is ongoing from 2013-2017.

    Animal Use in Historic Charleston: Graduate students in the lab are currently researching the management and distribution of animals in historic Charleston by studying the isotopic signatures of cattle bones from various settings throughout the city. In addition to varying with types of foods consumed, stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures also vary depending on environmental factors such as proximity to the sea, forest cover, and land management techniques. Thus, stable isotope signatures may reflect the “catchment zones” of the animals that were brought to Charleston, helping us to understand past land management strategies, and how rural and urban areas were economically integrated in the American Southeast during the 18th century. Both lab training and interpretation of data are part of this collaborative project. Work is currently underway, and more is planned for 2013-2014.

    Physiology and Human Health

    The Bioarchaeology and Biochemistry laboratory is equipped to work with a variety of biological materials. A particular area of interest, in addition to diet and mobility in the past, is the application of stable isotope analyses to modern human populations to understand physiology, stress and disease. One study currently underway examines the extent and duration of nutritional stress with pregnancy using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope ratios in hair, including bulk protein as well as individual amino acids. Students interested in this line of research should contact Dr. Reitsema for the 2014-2015 academic year.

    Primate Weaning and Dietary Ecology

    Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis can reveal diet and weaning among living non-human primates. Current undergraduate research in the lab involves sampling blood serum from captive rhesus monkeys to understand how rank, stress, and infant sex are related to the duration of breast-feeding. Ultimately, long-term effects of early versus late weaning can be explored among the captive populations with collaborators using data from this study.

  • Reitz, Elizabeth

    Elizabeth Reitz

    Professor

    Office: Georgia Museum of Natural History 10
    Phone: (706) 542-1464
    Lab: Georgia Museum of Natural History 1 and 6

    Research projects:

    I am a zooarchaeologist who focuses on Latin American and southeastern archaeology with an emphasis on ecological and ecological archaeology. As the head of the zooarchaeology lab and as a consultant, I work with collections management.

  • Tanner, Susan

    Susan Tanner

    Associate Professor

    Director, Laboratory of Health and Human Biology

    Office: Baldwin Hall 266
    Phone: (706) 542-3085
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Baldwin Hall G39

    Research projects:

    I am interested in understanding how people maintain health and avoid disease in stressful environments and how human biological variation is shaped by diverse social, cultural, and ecological factors. My research is focused on anthropological approaches to the study of infectious disease, human growth, and medical and nutritional anthropology. I am currently exploring the ecology of early child growth in Bolivia and beginning new work on how culture change shapes health and nutrition in and around Athens, Georgia.

     

  • Thompson, Victor

    Victor Thompson

    Associate Professor

    Director, Center for Archaeological Science

    Office: Baldwin Hall 265B
    Phone: 706-542-1480
    Fax: 706-542-3998

    Research projects:

    My primary interests are in the societies that occupied the coastal and wetland areas of the American Southeast. Thus, the majority of my work has taken place in Florida and along the Georgia Coast. Specifically, I am interested in the ritual and ceremonial landscapes, subsistence systems, and the political development of the peoples who occupied these areas over extended time frames. As such, my work often encompasses time scales that cover the latter half of the Holocene (e.g., from the Late Archaic though Historic Contact). Yet another aspect of this work is understanding how societal trajectories in these regions impacted and articulated with local ecosystems.

  • Tucker, Bram

    Bram Tucker

    Associate Professor

    Lab: Behavioral Ecology and Economic Decisions Laboratory

    Office: Baldwin Hall 258
    Phone: (706) 542-1483
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Baldwin Hall 259

    Research projects:

    My research addresses human decision-making and behavior in an ecological and evolutionary context, with specific focus on subsistence in rural populations. My students and I are concerned with two stages of analysis. The first is how individuals make decisions, including processes of perception, evaluation, emotion, and social learning, as explored through experimental economic methods. The second stage is the behavioral outcomes of decisions, including food production and household livelihood strategies, as explored through ethnographic methods.

  • Velásquez Runk, Julie

    Julie Velásquez Runk

    Associate Professor

    Office: Baldwin Hall 256
    Phone: (706) 543-0617
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Baldwin Hall 252B
    Fax: (706) 542-3998

    Research projects:

    My research uses integrative (or interdisciplinary) approaches to how people use and manage their landscapes, how that relates to science, conservation, indigenous knowledge, and policy, and how people cope with variability and change. I ground this work in political ecology, science and technology studies, and collaboration. My investigations contribute to three key areas of understanding for human – environment relations and cultural anthropology: 1) how to conserve and govern environments in culturally sensitive ways; 2) how indigenous populations maintain their identity and advocate for their rights in spite of tremendous change; 3) and how to make science more collaborative, via processes that build theory and incorporate multiple voices. My research is formed by studies in ecology and anthropology, as well as work as a conservation practitioner with international non-governmental organizations in Washington, DC and governments and local non-governmental organizations in Latin America. I am an advocate for the use of multiple methods--from participatory ethnography to vegetation assessments to multi-scalar mapping--for the richness of data and depth they provide to research questions. My longer-term research has been in Costa Rica, Ecuador, and Panama, with mestizo, Black, and indigenous communities. I also have worked in Mexico, Colombia, Honduras, and Brazil.

    Currently I am working on a few research projects. First, I am coordinating a collaborative project with Wounaan leaders, Wounaan language experts, and anthropologists and linguists to linguistically describe the Wounaan language based on a corpus of sixty years of audio recordings of Wounaan oral traditions (including those I recorded in the early 2000s). The project, known in Spanish as Proyecto Tradición Oral Wounaan, is archiving the recordings, transcribing and translating the stories, developing a Wounaan meu grammar and Wounaan meu - Spanish dictionary, and developing curricular materials from the stories in coordination with Panama's National Directorate for Bilingual Intercultural Education. Second, I also am working on a manuscript about the history of Emberá and Wounaan collective lands struggle, and its relationship to forest governance via REDD+. Third, I have begun to write anout the process of collaborative research and how it relates to scholarship. Fourth, I am working with Wounaan language and cultural experts on a draft manuscript on Wounaan ethnohistory. And finally, I have an on-going, long-term project on silversmithing traditions in eastern Panama and northwestern Colombia. I am particularly interested in how those traditions help mediate inter-ethnic relationships among black silversmiths, indigenous silversmiths, and indigenous clients, as well as how they relate to notions of intellectual property.

  • Williams, Mark

    Mark Williams

    Sr. Academic Professional

    Director, Georgia Archaeological Site Files

    Director, Laboratory of Archaeology

    Office: Baldwin Hall 151 C
    Phone: (706) 542-1619
    Fax: (706) 542-3998
    Lab: Riverbend Road 110
    Phone: (706) 542-8737
    Fax: (706) 542-8920

    Research projects:

    I have conducted archaeological research for some 20+ years now in the Oconee River valley of north and central Georgia, almost exclusively on sites of the late prehistoric Mississippian period. This little valley in Athens' backyard has an incredibly rich human story to be told and exhibits one of the densest human occupations in a pre-state temperate region in the world. This story is perhaps most significant with respect to the growth and eventual decline of the native chiefdom societies in this region. From about 1100 A.D. until 1600 A.D. a series of mound centers--chiefly towns were established, flourished, and eventually died out. The complex story of these centers, and the thousands of associated farmsteads, has occupied almost all of my research time during these years. These centers include the Dyar, Scull Shoals, Shoulderbone, Little River, Shinholser, and Sawyer sites.


    While the broad outlines of the Mississippian cultures in the Oconee Valley and their history have now become somewhat clearer, I have recently begun a more intense study of one of these sites in particular, Little River. This site is located in Morgan County, Georgia, and is apparently a tiny chiefly compound. These on-going excavations are important for helping us understand the workings of such a compound, both specifically in the Oconee Valley, and to the understanding of chiefdoms in the world beyond. My goal is to continue these excavations, actively involving University of Georgia Anthropology students, for several more years at least. This work is constantly being done in direct cooperation with my colleagues here in the Department, especially Ervan Garrison. He and his students, along with my own, have conducted fascinating and important remote-sensing studies at Little River, which will continue into the future.