Contact Info

Office:
G-40 Baldwin Hall
Office Hours:
Monday 1:00 - 3:00

My bioarchaeological research focuses on early life diet and physiological stress in the context of Spanish contact in the Americas. My Master’s research examined internal enamel micro-defects as indicators of early life stress in a population inhabiting northern Peru during the Early and Late Spanish Contact periods. For my dissertation research, I am geographically shifting my focus to St. Catherines Island, Georgia in order to get a hemispheric-level understanding of the biocultural impacts of Spanish contact in the Americas. My research utilizes incremental isotopic analysis of tooth dentine and the examination of dental enamel micro-defects (Wilson bands) in order to assess early life diet and developmental stress of indigenous Guale individuals interred at the Early Contact mortuary site of Fallen Tree and the Mission Santa Catalina de Guale. 

Education:

M.A. Anthropology, Georgia State University, 2014

B.A. Anthropology, Georgia State University, 2004

Thin sectioning
Sectioning a tooth for incremental isotope analysis in the Biochemistry Lab

 

Of note:

Recent Presentations

2017  Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ. Childhood Diet and Stress on St. Catherines Island, GA, During the Early Colonial Period: An Individual-Level Life History Perspective from Individuals Interred at the Mortuary Site of Fallen Tree. Presentation at the Society for Georgia Archaeology’s annual conference, October 14th

2017  Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ. Early Life Stress at the mission Santa Catalina de Guale: Combining Enamel Defects and Incremental Isotope Analysis of Dentine to Explore Nutrition as a Source of Stress. American Journal of Physical Anthropology S148: 67-67.

2017  Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ. Early Life Stress at the site of Fallen Tree: Combining Enamel Defects and Incremental Isotope Analysis of Dentine to Explore Nutrition as a Source of Stress. 82th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.

2017  Chowning M, Garland CJ, Kyle B, Vassallo S, Reitsema, LJ. An Inside View:   Childhood Stress at the Greek Colony of Hemera, American Journal of Physical  Anthropology S148: 67-67.

2017  Holder S, Reitsema LJ, Garland CJ, Smith AK, Lunsford J, Kozlowski. Addressing the Inertness of Bones and Teeth in Isotopic Studies of Stress and Disease: A review of Advances and Future Prospects. American Journal of Physical Anthropology S148.

2017  Chowning M, Garland CJ, Kyle B, Reitsema, LJ. An Inside View:   Childhood Stress at the Greek Colony of Hemera. 23rd Annual University at Buffalo Undergraduate Research Conference, Niagara Falls event Center, NY.

2017  Chowning M, Garland CJ, Kyle B, Reitsema, LJ. An Inside View:   Childhood Stress at the Greek Colony of Hemera. National Conference for   Undergraduate Research, Memphis Tennessee.

2016  Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ. Chronologies of Early Life Stress: Comparing Dental Defects between Fallen Tree and SCDG. Proceedings of the 73rd Annual Southeastern Archaeological Conference 59: 65-65.

2015  Garland CJ, Turner BL, Klaus HD. Biocultural Consequences of Spanish Contact in the Lambayeque Valley of Northern Peru. Internal Enamel Micro-Defects as Indicators of Early Life Stress. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

2015  Brooks, KT, Garland CJ, Turner BL, Klaus HD. “Biocultural Consequences of Spanish Contact in the Lambayeque Valley Region of Northern Peru: Stable Isotope and Dental Microwear Analysis as Indicators of Diet, Subsistence, and Mobility. American Association of Physical Anthropologists.

2015  Garland CJ, Turner BL, Klaus HD Biological Consequences of  Spanish Contact on the Northern Coast of Peru: Linear Enamel Hypoplasias as Indicators of Early Life Stress and Evidence for Life History Trade-offs. Annual Conference of the Southern Anthropology Society, Athens, GA.

2014  Jones DS, Garland CJ, Turner BL, Klaus HD. Isotopic investigation of subsistence and the Lambayeque region of Northern Peru during the Spanish Contact Period. American Journal of Physical Anthropology S153: 153-153.

Recent Publications

2018  Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ. (In Press) Variation in early life diet and stress during early Spanish colonization: A life history perspective from individuals interred at the Fallen Tree mortuary site (9Li8) on St. Catherines Island, Georgia. Early Georgia. 46(1).

2018  Garland CJ, Reitsema LJ, Larsen CS, Thomas DH. (Under Review) Early Life Stress at the Mission Santa Catalina  de Guale: Combining Enamel Defects and Incremental Isotope Analysis of Dentin to Explore Nutrition as a Source of Stress. Submitted to Bioarchaeology International.

2015  Garland CJ, Turner BL, Klaus HD. 2015. Biocultural Consequences of Spanish Contact in the Lambayeque Valley of Northern Peru. Internal Enamel Micro-Defects as Indicators of Early Life Stress. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 26: 947–958.

2014  Garland CJ. Greater Atlanta Archaeological Society research blurb: Biocultural Consequences of Spanish Contact in the Lambayeque Region of Northern Peru: Internal Enamel Micro-defects as Indicators of Early Stress. Atlanta Antiquity Newsletter 2: 8-10.

Recent Research Grants

2017  Sigma Xi Grants-in-Aid of Research. Biocultural Dynamics of Early Spanish Contact on St. Catherines Island, GA: Bioarchaeological Perspectives from the sites of Fallen Tree and Santa Catalina.

2015  Society for Georgia Archaeology’s Student Research Grant. Biocultural Dynamics of Early Spanish Contact on St. Catherines Island, GA: Bioarchaeological Perspectives from the sites of Fallen Tree and Santa Catalina.

2015  Joshua Laerm Academic Support Award: Georgia Museum of Natural History.  Biocultural Dynamics of Early Spanish Contact on St. Catherines Island, GA: Bioarchaeological Perspectives from the sites of Fallen Tree and Santa Catalina.

tooth
Thin section of tooth showing internal enamel micro-defects (Wilson bands) as evidence of early life stress.

 

Curriculum Vitae: